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आप जो पढना चाहते हैं इस ब्लॉग में खोजें :: राजेश मिश्रा

02 जुलाई 2011

Thanthania Kali Temple

Thanthania Kali Temple (KALIBADI)
Siddheswari Kali Ma

Thanthania Kali Temple : by : RAJESH MISHRA

Goddess Kali is the presiding deity of Kolkata. She is probably one of the world's most powerful symbols of Shakti, a raw divine feminine energy. In Kolkata or for that matter wherever there is a large concentration of Bengali populace, there is bound to be a neighborhood Kali temple. Bengalis simply revere the mother goddess Kali.

Some of Kolkata's prominent Kali temples like Dakshineswar and Kalighat are very popular with tourists because of the wide publicity that these two Kali temples receive. On the fringe is another equally propitious and divine Kali Temple - The Thanthania Kali Temple which is located at Bidhan Sarani in North Kolkata.
Foreign tourists are particularly attracted to the idea of Bengalis worshipping the female aspect of divinity. The vision of an all powerful mother goddess is attracting attention today when for the first time in the history of mankind so many adults live alone, outside family and organized peer groups. As the constrictions of paternalism break down and are replaced by the bewilderments of choice and lack of structure, the concept of a mother deity who all alone creates and sustains begins to feel right. Young people, particularly from the affluent West are feeling they can understand such a deity and such a deity can understand them.
The deity at Thanthania Kali temple is "Siddheswari" or someone who fulfills the wishes of her devotees. Significantly, the deity here is made of clay.
The temple which was built by a wealthy Bengali - Shankar Ghosh way back in the year 1703-04 has a checkered history. Legend has it that the world renowned spiritual giant Sri Ramakrishna Paramahansa along with his chief disciple - the great Swami Vivekananda and thespian Girish Ghosh were among the few eminent men who had visited this hallowed temple in the 19th century. In fact, the great Swami Vivekananda's ancestral house happens to be just around the corner at Gourmohan Mukherjee Street.
The best time to visit this temple is on Tuesdays and Staurdays. These two days are considered to be very propitious according to Hindu mythology. You may also visit the temple on any "Amabaysa" (Lunar Eclipse). The signature prasad or offering to Siddheswari Kali Ma is plain simple coconut or "Dab" as it is referred to in the local parlance. All you need to do is drop into any of the roadside stalls that sell coconuts aplenty.
Another good alternative is to coincide your trip to the Thanthania Kali temple on the eve of Diwali - the festival of lights. Kolakata and Bengalis celebrate Kali Puja with great fanfare and camaraderie. You will overwhelmed by the crowd and the atmosphere, by the raw devotion and the air of festivity at the Thanthania Kali temple.

The deity
"Shiddeswari Kali" is the triumphant goddess, the destroyer of demons of evil and ignorance. She is also the wife of renegade Lord Shiva, daughter of Himalayas and the femme fatale among gods.
An American brought up in the climate of Victorian notions of maternal behavior once asked a devotee of Thanthania Kali Temple how he could be drawn to such a fierce deity and was quoted as saying - "Ah, but you need a strong mother who will go to battle for you when you are in trouble".
Single parents who find themselves battling for survival in their work worlds, battling traffic snarls to get back home at the end of a hard days work, battling to feed their kids and educate their kids and keep their house relatively sane, resonate to the concept that the goddess can be both the nourisher and warrior at the same.
A visit to the Thanthania Kali temple is like having a date with god.
Shiddeswari Kali (Thanthania)

Location:College Street- Mahatma Gandhi Road.
Time to Visit: 9 A.M. - 8.30P.M.
Preferred Timings: 9 A.M. - 12 P.M. & 5 P.M. - 8 P.M.
Admission Fee: Nil.
How to Reach:Local buses, minibuses and metered taxis are readily available from various parts of the city. One can also avail the highly efficient underground metro rail.
Photography / Video charges:Strictly prohibited.
Nearest Railway Station: Howrah and Sealdah
Nearest Metro Station: Mahatma Gandhi Road.
Nearest Functional Metro Station: Mahatma Gandhi Road.
Nearest International Airport: Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Intrnational Airport.
Time required for sightseeing: About 30 minutes.

Special Event / Annual Event

Kali Puja or Diwali.

Nearby Tourist Attractions

College Street, Asutosh Museum. (Birla Muesium, Victoria Memorial, Race Corse, Alipore Zoo- Near 3 K.M.)

Any Problemes : Contract me : RAJESH MISHRA 9831057985


Tantra Temples in India - Kalighat Temple, Kolkata, West Bengal, India


The Kalighat Temple in its present form is only about 200 years old, although it has been referred to in Mansar Bhasan composed in the 15th century, and in Kavi Kankan Chandi of the 17th century.

Only two types of coins of Chandragupta II, who incorporated Vanga in the Gupta Empire, are known from Bengal. His Archer type coins, which became the most popular type of coinage with the Gupta rulers after Kumaragupta I, have been found in Kalighat. This is evidence of the antiquity of the place.

The original temple was a small hut. A small temple was constructed by King Manasingha in the early Sixteenth century. The present temple was erected under the patronage of the Sabarna Roy Chowdhury family of Banisha. It was completed in 1809. The Haldar family claims to be the original owners of the temple property. But this was disputed by the Chowdhrys of Banisha. In the nineteen sixties a committee was formed for the administrative management of the temple with representation from the Government and the Haldar family.
It is necessary to know the history of the temple to understand the practices which are prevalent today. 



Brahmins worhips in the Kalighat temple Spoon-shaped brass container holds Ganges water. Brahmins are the highest caste of Hindus, their mark of distinction being the piece of string seen in hand of gray-haired senior Brahmin.]

Kalighat, in Calcutta [Kolkata], is an important pilgrimage for tantriks. Goddess Kali is regarded as one of the principal deities of Bengal. She is worshipped as the destroyer or liberator and is depicted in a fearful form. Despite Her terrifying form, She is venerated the world over by devotees as Maa or the Supreme Mother. 

kali temple, kalighat, kolkata (OLD View)

The Kalighat temple in Kolkata is regarded as one of the 51 Shakti Peethas [sanctuaries] of India, where the various parts of Sati's body are said to have fallen in the course of Shiva's Rudra Tandava. Kalighat represents the site where the toes of the right foot of Shakti or Sati fell, as described in Pithamala.

Though no one really knows the genesis of the temple, legend has it that a devotee discovered a luminous ray of light coming from the Bhagirathi river bed, and upon investigating its source, came upon a piece of stone carved in the form of a human toe. He also found a Syayambhu Lingam [self evolved] of Nakuleshwar Bhairav nearby, and started worshipping Kali in the midst of a thick jungle. 

MAA KALI AARTI, kali temple, kalighat, kolkata

This shrine grew to its present form over a period of time, thanks in particular to Sabarna Roy Chowdhury, a famous Brahmin Zamindar family of Barisa in the district of 24 Parganas. "There are several stories about the temple but no one really knows the truth," says President of Kalighat Temple Committee A K Mittra, also a leading advocate. 

According to tradition, on June 22 every year, the Goddess is given Her annual bath. It is a highly private and sanctified event, privy to only a handful of people. The day coincides with the Snan Jatra [bathing ritual] at Jagannath Puri and Kamakhya, another important Shakti Peetha of Maa Kali. On this day the temple is closed to visitors. 

Sacred rituals 

There are five group of Haldars that have been traditionally taking care of the daily puja of Maa Kali. In all, there are about 840 members in the haldar families. Two-three senior members of these families get together to perform the rituals. The event begins at about 3.30 am - the time for the Brahma Muhurta and continues till 1.30 pm. The head priest Shanti Mohan recites the mantras and the haldars bathe the Goddess with the water from the Ganges, perfume, oil [Jabakusum] etc. They paint the body of the Mother with vermillion and dress Her in a Benarasi silk sari bought by members of the Kalighat Temple Committee [KTC]. Below the statue of the deity is a silver box in which the Goddess' toe is preserved. On that day it is opened and bathed. Nobody is allowed to see that.

[Food Offering for the Goddess]

On regular days, the morning puja begins between 4 am and 5 am. And the temple is open from 5 am onwards for public. Around 6.30 am the Goddess is offered fruits and sweets and the afternoon bhog comprises pulao, rice, fish, mutton, fruits and sweets. The food is cooked without tomatoes, onion and garlic in the three dedicated kitchens. Between 6 pm and 7 pm, She is offered traditional Bengali food such as luchi, bhaji, fried brinjals, potatoes and sandesh, and between 10.30 pm and 11 pm, She is given the last bhog of the day, sweets and milk. 

Goat sacrifice is a common feature at the temple. "If devotees do not perform a sacrifice, the haldar has to offer a goat to the deity. The first sacrifice has to be given to Her. There's a legend that says that the Goddess visits the Dakhineshwar temple at night and returns to Kalighat in the morning.
kali temple, kalighat, kolkata

Tuesdays and Saturdays are special days of the Goddess, where people in thousands throng the temple seeking special darshan. The special feature about Kalighat is that there are no tickets and entry is free to all. The temple administration is run in term of scheme passed by the Kolkata High Court, 1957, and thereafter modified by the Supreme Court in 1962-63. The district judge of 24 Paraganas South is the ex-officio chairman of the KTC but because of his judicial functions he has to nominate a senior member of the Bar as the President of KTC.

The temple is open between 5 am and 10.30 pm on weekdays and till 11 pm on Tuesday and Sunday. It is extended till 11.30 pm on Saturday.

kali temple, kalighat, kolkata

How to get to the Temple:

By Air - Kolkata is well connected by air to all major countries in the world, as well as to Indian cities. The air carriers that have flights to and from the city include Aeroflot, Air France, Air India, Biman Bangladesh, British Airways, Cathay Pacific, Gulf Air, Indian Airlines, Japan Airlines, Jet Airways, KLM-Royal Dutch Airlines, Royal Jordanian Airlines, Royal Nepal Airlines, Singapore Airlines and Thai Airways International.

By Rail - Trains are available from all parts of the country to Calcutta. Most inward bound trains stop at Howrah, which is also the station from which major trains to other cities depart. Most trains heading to areas such as New Jalpaiguri and other provinces in the north-east stop at the other station, Sealdah. Local trains to nearby towns are available from both stations, depending on which part of West Bengal you want to go to. Since Howrah and Sealdah are not exactly a hop, skip and jump away from each other, do remember to check which station you need you board your train from, when you buy your ticket!

By Road - A few buses ply from Orissa and Bihar to Calcutta. However, these are highly uncomfortable and best avoided. Buses are also available to nearby towns, especially if you wish to visit Siliguri and New Jalpaiguri on your trip to Calcutta. Depending on which direction you're heading in, buses could depart from the end of the Maidan near Chowringhee Road, or the bus stand at Babu Ghat near Fort William. A few tour operators have their own private bus stands.  So in case you plan to make this trip, do


Any problem call me : RAJESH MISHRA 98310 57985


सब दुःख हर लेती हैं "माँ काली" कोलाकतावाली

यहाँ दिल से मांगी गई मुराद क्षण में पुरी होती है 


कालिकायै विद्महे श्मशानवासिन्यै धीमहि

तन्नो घोरा प्रचोदयात्।

कोलकता का नाम पहले कालिकाता था, जो माँ काली के ही नाम पर रखा गया था! यहाँ जन-जन के दिल में और घर-घर में माँ काली विराजमान हैं! कहते हैं माँ काली की दर्शन मात्र से सब दुःख दूर हो जाते हैं! माँ से मांगी गई सभी मुरादें क्षण में पुरी हो जाती है.. इसीलिए तो यहाँ बलि देने की परम्परा आज भी बरकरार है! मंगलवार और शनिवार को विशेष भीड़ होती है! सिद्धि प्राप्ति के लिए पंडितों और साधुओं का जमावड़ा लगा रहता है! इसीलिए कोलकाता महानगरी समेत पुरे देश में काली माँ की पूजा की जाती है। जिस प्रकार शेरोंवाली माँ के मंदिर में जगराता होता है, उसी प्रकार काली माँ के मंदिर में प्रत्येक अमावश्या को यहाँ विशेष पूजा अर्चना होता है। इसी कारण कोलकातावासी माँ काली के भक्त हैं तथा उनके शक्ति रूप को मानते हैं। 

काली मंदिर में दर्शन किए बिना कोलकाता की सैर अधूरी मानी जाती है। हुगली नदी के पूर्वी तट पर कालीघाट स्थित काली मंदिर सन 1855 में बनाया गया था। इस पुरानी इमारत में दुर्गादेवी तथा शिव की मूर्ति की स्थापना की गई है। कालीघाट में स्थित इस पौराणिक मंदिर में प्रवेश करने के लिए आपको उपस्थित भक्तजन की भीड़ का सामना करना पड़ेगा। पतली गली में स्थित, फूलों की दुकान, मिठाइयों तथा पूजा की सामग्री से सजी हुई दुकानों के बीच से गुज़रना पड़ता है। 

माँ महाशक्ति के बारे में अनेक कथाएँ प्रचलित हैं। एक कथा के अनुसार देवी सती ने जब अपने पिता दक्ष के यहाँ अपमानित होकर यज्ञ में स्वयं को भस्म कर लिया तब क्रोध में आकर यज्ञ ध्वंस के समय भगवान शिव ने तांडव नृत्य किया। इस समय माता सती के शरीर के अंश कहीं-कहीं धरती पर गिरे। कहते हैं कि उनके पाँव के अंश कोलकाता में जहाँ माँ काली मंदिर बना है, वहाँ गिरे थे। इन अंशों ने पत्थर का रूप धारण किया था। इसी की पूजा-अर्चना की जाती है।

एक और कथा भी प्रचलित है कि भागीरथी नदी के तट पर एक भक्त ने पाँव के अँगूठे के आकार का पत्थर पाया था जो स्वयंभू लिंग था और नकुलेश्वर भैरव का प्रतीक था। भक्त इसे जंगल में ले गया और माँ काली की पूजा करने लगा। कोलकाता स्थित प्रसिद्ध काली माँ का मंदिर बहुत ही भव्य है। इस मंदिर की दीवारों पर बनाई गई टेराकोटा की चित्रकला के अवशेष यहाँ दिखाई देते हैं। 

मंदिर के पुजारी काली माँ की मूर्ति को स्नान कराते हैं जिसे स्नान यात्रा के नाम से जाना जाता है। ऐसा साल में एक बार किया जाता है। इस दिन अनगिनत भक्तजन आते हैं। काली मंदिर में दुर्गा पूजा, नवरात्रि तथा दशहरा के दिन देवी की विशेष पूजा की जाती है। इस पूजा का समय अक्टूबर के महीने में तय समय के अनुसार रखा जाता है। मंदिर के पट तड़के 3.00 से लेकर प्रात: 8.00 बजे तक खुले रहते हैं तथा प्रतिदिन प्रात: 10.00 से लेकर संध्या 5.00 बजे तक भक्तजन मंदिर में पूजा-अर्चना कर सकते हैं। पूजा का समय 6.00 बजे से लेकर रात के 8.30 तक रहता है। 

काली माँ की पूजा श्रद्धा तथा आस्था के साथ की जाती है। अमावस्या के दिन मंदिर में काली माँ के लिए महापूजन का आयोजन किया जाता है। रात्रि के 12.00 बजे शक्तिरूपी देवी की आरती की जाती है। माँ को गहनों से सजाया जाता है तथा आरती के बाद माँ के चरणों में भोग चढ़ाया जाता है। आभूषणों तथा लाल फूलों की माला से माँ काली की प्रतिमा को सजाया जाता है।




मुख्य प्रथा जो मंदिर में प्रचलित है वह है बलि जिसका रूप वर्तमान में बदल गया है। पहले बकरे की ज्यादा संख्या में बलि चढ़ाई जाती थी, आजकल अनाज और फल की भी बलि होती है। कहा जाता है कि देवी के मंदिर में काली माँ जागृत अवस्था में हैं। माँ के द्वारा यहाँ पर आए भक्तजन की प्रार्थना स्वीकार की जाती है। देवी उनकी मनोकामना पूर्ण करती हैं!

कैसे पहुंचें : 

ट्रेन द्वारा : देश के किसी भी कोने से हावड़ा और सियालदह रेलवे स्टेशन पहुंचें, यहाँ से बस और टैक्सी की सुविधा प्रयाप्त है!
हवाई मार्ग : देश और विदेश के किसी भी कोने से नेताजी सुभास चन्द्र बोस इंटरनेश्नल एअरपोर्ट पहुंचें, यहाँ से बस और टैक्सी के साथ-साथ प्राइवेट गाड़ियाँ भी मिलती है..
कालीघाट, माँ काली मंदिर : हावड़ा और सियालदह से लगभग ६ कि.मी. कि दुरी पर स्थित है.

विशेष जानकारी और असुबिधा में होने पर फ़ोन करें :
राजेश मिश्रा 98310 57985

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