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29 जून 2012

Sai Baba in Shirdi

Life Story of Sai
The birth and the early life of Shri Saibaba are not much known. From the year 1858, Baba lived in the village of Shirdi in the state of Maharashtra for over sixty years. Baba came to Shirdi in 1858 accompanying a wedding procession as guest of honor. He was greeted my Mahalsapathi "Ya - Sai"(Welcome Sai). Baba accepted that name to be eternally his and spent his early days at Shirdi, under a neem tree and later lived in the masjid which he named as Dwarkamai or Mother Dwarka (Dwarka is the holy city associated with Lord Krishna).......
Chand Patil was once riding through the forest when suddenly he felt an acute urge to smoke. To his great dismay, however, he found that he did not have the wherewithal to ignite a fire to light his chelum with. Seeing Sai Baba seated under a tree, the rider approached him for a match. Baba had no matches, but just by thrusting the tongs nearly, he produced flames. The rider witnessing the miracle, realizes Baba's divine stature and kneels to him in devotion ......
Here is an instance of a devotee's burning love for the master. Baijabai daily sought out Baba in the forest where he lived in the early days, in order to bring him food, which she lovingly prepared for him. Baba raises his hand in a gesture of blessing......
Service is the badge of God's kingdom. Radha Krishna Mai voluntarily assumed the duty of sweeping the ashram compound daily. This was her way of showing her adoration for the Master......
Saibaba was the common man's God. He lived with them; he slept and ate with them. He had no pretensions of any kind. Baba used to feed the fakirs and devotees and even cook for them. The food that Baba made seemed to grow in abundance and there was always enough for everyone. The touch of a Sat-Purusha unlocks the storehouse of the Goddess Annapoorna's unlimited resources....
Saibaba was very fond of children. He used to spend part of his day in playing, chit-chatting or humoring with the children of the village.....
Saibaba used to sit on the steps of the Dwarkamayee at Shirdi, absorbed in the divine bliss of music. Saibaba's appreciation of talent, and the warm encouragement He gave to those who had talent were priceless gifts from the Master.......
Saibaba in the company of devotees and fakirs used to dance and sing in divine bliss, with small tinklets tied around his ankles. Songs he song were mostly in Persian or Arabic or sometimes some popular songs of Kabir.......
Saibaba had a profound love and compassion for suffering humanity. The master used to personally attend to the needs of the sick as a physician and a nurse.......
Saibaba's knowledge of the Shastras, the Geeta, the Quran and other scriptures was phenomenal. Without studying or reading books, Baba possessed a rare proficiency in all the scriptures, and he could quote a verse or a line from these books and scriptures to show where a particular truth lay embedded........
Saibaba distributed the holy 'Udi' - the panacea for all troubles - to his bhaktas. 'Udi' is the ash from the perpetual sacred fire - Dhuni - lit by Baba a hundred years ago. The Udi is the token of his divine grace to all who come to him for help......
Saibaba ploughed up the village common land and raised a flower garden thereon; he watered the plants, carrying pots full of water on his shoulders. In the later years he spent a few hours in this Lendi garden, which he himself had laid out in the early days.......
He begged for alms and shared what he got with his devotees and all the creatures around him. He never kept any food in reserve for the next meal. At times Baba would scold a grudging housewife by saying- "Mother, you have so many chapaties, so much rice and this or that vegetable in your pots, why refuse a bit of food to a Fakir?". The gentle prodding and the accuracy of the strange fakir's pronouncements would remove the veil of maya from these women who would then rush to put all with them at his feet, as an offering of Love.......
Laxmibai Shinde used to offer Saibaba bread and milk every day with love and devotion. Baba accepted and took the offering she made. She was so special to Saibaba that just before his passing away, Saibaba gave her Rs.5/- and Rs.4/- in all Rs.9/-. The figure 9 is special and is indicative of the nine types of devotion viz., (1) Shravana (Hearing); (2) Kirtana (Praying); (3) Smarana (Remembering); (4) Padasevana (resorting to the feet); (5) Archana (Worship); (6) Namaskara (Bowing); (7) Dasya (Service); (8) Sakhyatva (Friendship); (9) Atmanivedana (surrender of the self).
The 15th October 1918 was a sorrowful day for the little village of Shirdi, for in the heavy hours of the noon, the beloved master suddenly breathed his last. Quietly and unobrusively, Baba gave up his body and let his head fall gently on the shoulders of a near disciple. Though Saibaba might have left his mortal coil, he still is alive for his devotees. He is a Living God. Even today, though he has left his gross body, we feel his presence and obtain his grace and protection every day.......

About Shri Sai Baba
Shri Sai Baba's life and teachings are well documented in Sai Satcharitra by Shri Hemadpant in Marathi which was personally blessed by Shri Sai Baba. Shri Hemadpant got Shri Sai Baba's blessings in 1910 to write this work. Said Shri Sai Baba "Let him make a collection of stories and experiences, keep notes and memos; I will help him. He is only an outward instrument." Subsequently SaiSatcharitra has been translated into a number of different languages. The one in English is called Shri Sai Satcharitra by Shri Nagesh Vasudev Gunaji. As an introduction this is a short summary on the life of Shri Sai Baba.

Chandbhai, the headman of a village called Dhoopkhede (in Aurangabad, India), once lost his horse and was looking for it. Suddenly he heard a voice say "You look tired. Come here and rest a while". He turned around and saw a young Fakir (Baba). The fakir smiled at him and said "What are you looking for in this jungle, Chandbhai". This surprised Chandbhai and he wondered how the fakir knew his name. Slowly, he said "I have lost my horse. I have looked for it everywhere, but cannot seem to find it". The fakir told him to look behind a clump of trees.

Chandbhai was pleasently surprised to find his horse grazing peacefully behind those trees. He thanked the fakir and asked his name. The fakir said "some people call me Sai Baba." Sai Baba then invited Chandbhai to have a smoke with him. He got the pipe ready, but there was no fire to light it with. Sai Baba thrusted a pair of tongs into the ground and brought out a burning coal. To this Chandbhai was wonderstruck. He thought "this is no ordinary person" and invited

Baba to come to his house and be his guest for a few days. Next day Baba went to Chandbhai's house and found everybody in a very joyful mood and festivities going on all around. He found that Chandbhai's wife's nephew was getting married. The bride was from Shirdi and the marriage party was going to Shirdi. Chandbhai invited Baba to accompany the marriage party to Shirdi.

At Shirdi they camped in a field next to Khandoba's temple. After the wedding, Saibaba stayed on at Shirdi. At first he lived under a neem tree and begged for food whenever he needed it. He then went to Khandoba's temple, intending to stay there, but the temple's priest met him at the entrance and told him to go to the mosque. That is how Baba, started staying at the Mosque which was later called Dwarkamayi. Baba preached at Shirdi all his life and performed numerous miracles to convince people that God exists.

He healed people's diseases, provided moral and material comfort to his Devotees. Baba helped bring Unity and Harmony between all communities. He said that God is one, but called by different names. One day a rich millionaire named Booty came to Sai Baba and said he was going to construct a stone building for Shri Krishna. Baba helped him plan the building. Before the building was completed Baba fell very ill.

On the 15th of October 1918, he breathed his last. His last wish was to be buried in Booty's building. Booty's stone building came to be known as Samadhi Mandir. Shri Sai Baba was buried here and a beautiful shrine was built over it. To this day, people flock to Shirdi to pay homage to Shri Sai Baba.

Temples of Uttarkashi

Kashi Vishwanath Temple, Shakti Temple and others


After descending a distance of 99 km from Gangotri and travelling for most of the day, we concluded Day 2 by paying a visit to the temples of the religious town of Uttarkashi.

Situated on the banks of River Bhagirathi is Uttarkashi, an important pilgrim centre which is often equated with Kashi (Varanasi). It is situated at an elevation of 1150 meters. DuringMagh Mela, people visit Uttarkashi to take a holy dip in Bhagirathi along with their village deity.

The entrance to the famous Kashi Vishwanath
and the Shakti Temples of Uttarkashi
Kashi Vishwanath Temple

The Kashi Vishwanath Temple of Uttarkashi

The entrance to the Kashi Vishwanath Temple

The Shivling at the Kashi Vishwanath Temple of Uttarkashi

Dedicated to Lord Shiva, Kashi Vishwanath Temple is an ancient and the most famous temple in Uttarkashi. It is said to have initially been built by Sage Parshuram and which was later renovated by Maharani Khaneti, wife of Sudarshan Shah in 1857. The Shivling is 60 cms in height and 90 cms in circumference. This is the most important shrine of Uttarkashi and should not be missed if you are traveling to this part of the country.

 An ancient slab of black stone with some inscriptions
outside the Vishwanath Temple

Guess the time at which these pictures were taken? It was just around 5.00 pm! Still it looks like its very late into the night, isnt it? The sun sets early in these areas, especially in the winters, and it gets dark pretty quick. By 9 pm, everything is wrapped up and people are back in their homes!

Shakti Temple

The Shakti Temple in Uttarkashi

The Trident seen at the base in the Shakti Temple

The Trident seen at the Shakti Temple in Uttarkashi

Just opposite to the Vishwanath temple is the Shakti Temple. The main attraction here is a huge and heavy trishul (trident) - 6 meters in height and 90 cms at the bottom which was thrown at the devils by Goddess Durga. The trishul, as the priest told us, is made of iron in the upper part and copper in the lower part and is revered as a form of Shakti. One amazing feature of the trishul is that it cannot be moved with your entire body force but it vibrates the moment you apply pressure with one of your fingers! That was indeed some kind of magic!

Other Temples in Uttarkashi

We also visited two other local temples - the Kandar Devta Temple and the Temple dedicated to Parshuram – an incarnation of Lord Vishnu.

Parshuram Temple in Uttarkashi

Kandar Devta Temple in Uttarkashi

Other Temples we could not visit are Kuteti Devi Temple, Ekadash Rudra Temple and the Gyaneshwar Temple which are also said to be worth a visit.

Other than the temples, there is a Nehru Mountaineering Institute or NIM which is a famous mountaineering training Institute in India. Trekkers and mountaineers can hire the different mountaineering gadgets and accessories from NIM for their adventure.

Kashi Vishwanath Shivling

Om Namaha Shivaya!

Standing on the western bank of India's holiest river Ganges, Varanasi is the oldest surviving city of the world and the cultural capital of India.
 It is in the heart of this city that there stands in its fullest majesty the Kashi Vishwanath Temple in which is enshrined the Jyotirlinga of Shiva, Vishweshwara or Vishwanatha.
Kashi Vishwanath Temple is one of the most famous Hindu temples dedicated to Lord Shiva and is located in Benaras, the Holiest existing Place of Hindus, where at least once in life a Hindu is expected to do pilgrimage, and if possible, also pour the remains (ashes) of cremated ancestors here on the River Ganges

The Gyanvapi Mosque, which is adjacent to the temple, is the original site of the temple.
The original holy well - Gyanvapi in between temple & mosque
Legend maintains that Lord Shiva manifested himself in the from of a lingam at 12 holy cities in India, Varanasi being one of them.These lingams we known as JYOTIRLINGAMS. To the side of the temple is Gyan-Vapi('The well of Knowledge'). The Jyotirlingam of the original Vishwanath Temple, is believed to be hidden in the well by his devotees to protect it from the early Muslim invaders.It is said that the main priest of the temple had jumped in the well with the Shiv Ling in order to protect the (Jyoti-r) Ling from the invaders

Vishweshwara Jyotirlinga has a very special and unique significance in the spiritual history of India.

 Tradition has it that the merits earned by the darshan of other jyotirlinga scattered in various parts of India accrue to devotee by a single visit to Kashi Vishwanath Temple.
Deeply and intimately implanted in the Hindu mind, the Kashi Vishwanath Temple has been a living embodinent of our timeless cultural traditions and highest spiritual values. The Temple has been visited by all great saints- Adi Shankaracharya, Ramkrishna Paramhansa, Swami Vivekanand, Goswami Tulsidas, Maharshi Dayanand Saraswati, Gurunanak and several other spiritual personalities. The Kashi Vishwanath Temple attracts visitors not only from India but abroad as well and thereby symbolises man's desire to live in peace snd harmony with one another.
Here gravitate the teeming millions of India to seek benediction and spiritual peace by the darshan of this Jyotirlinga which confers liberation from the bondages of maya and the
inexorable entanglements of the world.
A simple glimpse of the Jyotirlinga is a soul-cleansing experience that transforms life and puts it on the path of knowledge and bhakti.
The temple town that claims to be the oldest living city in the world, with 3500 years of documented history is also called Kashi and hence the temple is popularly called as Kashi Vishwanath Temple.
May this sacred Shivling bless our souls with the darshan of heaven which is nothing but the blessed lotus feet of Lord Shiva

Kashi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga: Lord Shiva's Sacred Abode

Located in the holy city of Varanasi, Kashi Vishwanath is one of the holiest abodes of Lord Shiva. With more than 3500 years of a history behind it, this place is also known as Kashi and hence, the temple is popularly called as Kashi Vishwanath Temple. The residing deity in this temple known as Vishweshwara has been a central part of worship in Hinduism. Kashi Vishwanath temple has been rebuilt many times, the present one being built by a female Maratha monarch named Ahilya Bai Holkar. 

Structure Of The Temple: 

Vishwanath temple has a 15.5 metre high spire covered with the 1000 kilos of gold donated by Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Lahore. The Jyotirlinga in this temple is enclosed in a silver altar. Kashi Vishwanath has a series of smaller shrines located in a small lane within the circumference of the temple. There is a well inside the temple which is known as Jnana Vapi or the Wisdom Well. Some stories about the temple say that the Vishwanath Jyotirlinga was hidden in the Wisdom Well at the time of invasion by foreigners. 


Varanasi also known as the City of Ghats is enameled with the presence of Lord Shiva in its air. More than 3000 devotees pay their visit to Kashi Vishwanath everyday. At the river side of Ganga the Sandhya Aarti is worth a view in the evening times. Sometimes on occassions like Maha Shivratri, the number of visitors even reaches a lakh. 

Kashi Vishwanath and a mosque named Gyanvapi Mosque exist side by side. The original temple was built at the present location of the mosque. But after being destroyed by Aurangzeb and a mosque was built there. The temple was rebuilt at it's present location. 

According to the ancient Hindu Mythology people who once take bath in the holy water of Ganges in Varanasi and offer prayers to the Vishweshwara jyotirlinga in Kashi Vishwanath attain Salvation or Moksha. There are also some myths which say that Lord Shiva himself blows the mantra of salvation into the ears of those who choose to end their lives in Varanasi. 


By Bus: Almost all major cities in India are well connected to Varanasi by bus route. Frequent buses are available from all other major towns and cities of Uttar Pradesh to Varanasi. 

By Rail: There are two rail heads to reach Vishwanath Temple namely the Varanasi Junction and Kashi Junction. Both of them are well connected to all major railway junctions in India like Delhi (780kms) and Kolkata (680kms). 

By Air: Daily connecting flights can be found from Delhi(780kms), Mumbai (1593kms) and Agra (577kms). These airports are in turn well linked to all other major airports in the country. 

Vishwanath Temple must be visited at least once by all Hindu pilgrim souls. By going to this place you will not only be visiting one of the holiest Hindu pilgrimages but also one of the oldest cities in the world, that is Varanasi.

19 जून 2012

भाद्रपद अधिक मास फल 2012 | Bhadrapad Adhik Maas Phal 2012 | Malmas | Purushottammas

भारतीय कैलेण्डर चान्द्र मास पर आधारित होता है. जिस चान्द्र मास में सूर्य संक्रान्ति नहीं होती वह माह “अधिक मास” कहलाता है और जिस चान्द्र मास में दो संक्रान्तियों का संक्रमण हो रहा हो अर्थात एक ही चान्द्र मास में दो संक्रान्ति आ रही हों वह “क्षयमास” कहलाता है.  इस लेख में हम भाद्रपद अधिक मास की चर्चा करेगें. आम भाषा में अधिक मास को अधिमास, मलमास, पुरुषोत्तम मास आदि के नामों से जाना जाता है.
वर्ष 2012 में भाद्रपद माह में अधिकमास पड़ रहा है. इस वर्ष भाद्रपद अधिक मास की अवधि 18 अगस्त से 16 सितम्बर 2012 तक रहेगी.

अधिकमास कैसे बनता है | How is Adhikmas formed

एक सौर वर्ष में 365 दिन तथा 6 घंटे होते हैं और एक चान्द्र मास में 354 दिन तथा 9 घंटे होते हैं. हो सकता है कि सौर मास तथा चान्द्र मास में समीकरण स्थापित करने के लिए ही अधिकमास की रचना की गई हो. विद्वानों के अनुसार एक मल मास से दूसरे मल मास तक की अवधि 28 माह से लेकर 36 माह तक की हो सकती है. इस प्रकार हम कह सकते हैं कि हर तीसरे वर्ष में एक अधिकमास आता ही है. यदि इस अधिकमास की परिकल्पना नहीं की गई तो चांद्र मास का सारा सिस्टम ही बिगड़ जाएगा.
संवत 2069 अर्थात वर्ष 2012 में 18 अगस्त दिन शनिवार से 16 सितम्बर दिन रविवार की मध्य रात्रि तक अधिकमास का प्रभाव बना रहेगा.

अधिकमास के आरम्भ के दिन क्या करें | What should you do on the beginning day of Adhikmas

माह के जिस दिन मलमास का आरंभ हो रहा हो उस दिन प्रात: स्नानादि कर्म से निवृत होकर भगवान सूर्य नारायण का पुष्प, अक्षत तथा लाल चंदन से पूजन करें. फिर शुद्ध घी, गेहूँ और गुड. के मिश्रण से 33 पूएँ बनाएँ. इन पूओं को कांसे के बर्तन में रखकर प्रतिदिन फल, वस्त्र, मिष्ठान और दक्षिणा समेत दान करें. आप यह दान अपनी सामर्थ्यानुसार ही करें. दान करते समय निम्न मंत्र का जाप करें :-
“ऊँ विष्णु रूप: सहस्त्रांशु सर्वपाप प्रणाशन: । अपूपान्न प्रदानेन मम पापं व्यपोहतु ।”
इस मंत्र के बाद भगवान विष्णु से प्रार्थना करते हुए निम्न मंत्र बोलें :-
“यस्य हस्ते गदाचक्रे गरुड़ोयस्य वाहनम । शंख करतले यस्य स मे विष्णु: प्रसीदतु ।।”

अधिकमास या पुरुषोत्तम माह में क्या नहीं करें | What should you not do during Adhikmas

मलमास में कुछ नित्य कर्म, कुछ नैमित्तिक कर्म और कुछ काम्य कर्मों को निषिद्ध माना गया है. जैसे विवाह संस्कार, मुंडन संस्कार, नववधु का गृह प्रवेश, नव यज्ञोपवीत कर्म करना, नए वस्त्रों को धारण करना आदि कार्य इस मास में नहीं करने चाहिए. इसके अतिरिक्त नई गाड़ी खरीदना, बच्चे का नामकरण संस्कार करना, देव प्रतिष्ठा करना अर्थात मूर्ति स्थापना करना, कूआं, तालाब या बावड़ी आदि बनवाना, बाग अथवा बगीचे आदि भी इस मास में नहीं बनाए जाते.
काम्य व्रतों का आरंभ भी इस मास में नहीं किया जाता है. भूमि क्रय करना, सोना खरीदना, तुला या गाय आदि का दान करना भी वर्जित माना गया है. अष्टका श्राद्ध का संपादन भी निषेध माना गया है.   

पुरुषोत्तम मास में क्या करे | What should you do in Purushottammas

जो काम काम्य कर्म अधिकमास से पहले ही आरंभ किए जा चुके हैं उन्हें इस माह में किया जा सकता हे. शुद्धमास में मृत व्यक्ति का प्रथम वार्षिक श्राद्ध किया जा सकता है. यदि कोई व्यक्ति अत्यधिक बीमार है और रोग की निवृति के लिए रुद्र जपादि अनुष्ठान किया जा सकता है.
कपिल षष्ठी जैसे दुर्लभ योगों का प्रयोग, संतान जन्म के कृत्य, पितृ श्राद्ध, गर्भाधान, पुंसवन संस्कार तथा सीमांत संस्कार आदि किए जा सकते हैं. ऎसे संस्कार भी किए जा सकते हैं जो एक नियत अवधि में समाप्त हो रहे हों. इस मास में पराया अन्न और तामसिक भोजन का त्याग करना चाहिए.

मलमास में व्रत का महत्व | Importance of fasting in Malmas

जो व्यक्ति मलमास में पूरे माह व्रत का पालन करते हैं उन्हें पूरे माह भूमि पर ही सोना चाहिए. एक समय केवल सादा तथा सात्विक भोजन करना चाहिए. इस मास में व्रत रखते हुए भगवान पुरुषोत्तम अर्थात विष्णु जी का श्रद्धापूर्वक पूजन करना चाहिए तथा मंत्र जाप करना चाहिए.  श्रीपुरुषोत्तम माहात्म्य की कथा का पठन अथवा श्रवण करना चाहिए. श्री रामायण का पाठ या रुद्राभिषेक का पाठ करना चाहिए. साथ ही श्रीविष्णु स्तोत्र का पाठ करना शुभ होता है.  
मलमास के आरम्भ के दिन श्रद्धा भक्ति से व्रत तथा उपवास रखना चाहिए. इस दिन पूजा - पाठ का अत्यधिक माहात्म्य माना गया है. मलमास मे प्रारंभ के दिन दानादि शुभ कर्म करने का फल अत्यधिक मिलता है. जो व्यक्ति इस दिन व्रत तथा पूजा आदि कर्म करता है वह सीधा गोलोक में पहुंचता है और भगवान कृष्ण के चरणों में स्थान पाता है.  
अधिकमास की समाप्ति पर स्नान, दान तथा जप आदि का अत्यधिक महत्व होता है. इस मास की समाप्ति पर व्रत का उद्यापन करके ब्राह्मणों को भोजन कराना चाहिए और अपनी श्रद्धानुसार दानादि करना चाहिए. इसके अतिरिक्त एक महत्वपूर्ण बात यह है कि मलमास माहात्म्य की कथा का पाठ श्रद्धापूर्वक प्रात: एक सुनिश्चित समय पर करना चाहिए.
इस मास में रामायण, गीता तथा अन्य धार्मिक व पौराणिक ग्रंथों के दान आदि का भी महत्व माना गया है. वस्त्रदान, अन्नदान, गुड़ और घी से बनी वस्तुओं का दान करना अत्यधिक शुभ माना गया है.

16 जून 2012

वास्तु के अनुसार रंगे दीवारें

1. पीला रंग सुकून व रोशनी देने वाला रंग होता है। घर के ड्राइंग रूम, ऑफिस आदि की दीवारों पर यदि आप पीला रंग करवाते हैं तो वास्तु के अनुसार यह शुभ होता है।
2. अपनी आर्थिक स्थिति में सुधार लाने के लिए आपको अपने कमरे की उत्तरी दीवार पर हरा रंग करना चाहिए।
3. आसमानी रंग जल तत्व को इंगित करता है। घर की उत्तरी दीवार को इस रंग से रंगवाना चाहिए।
4. घर के खिड़की दरवाजे हमेशा गहरे रंगों से रंगवाएँ। बेहतर होगा कि आप इन्हें डार्क ब्राउन रंग से रंगवाएँ।
5. जहाँ तक संभव हो सके घर को रंगवाने हेतु हमेशा हल्के रंगों का प्रयोग करें।

कुछ वास्तु टिप्स

1. बैठक के कमरे में द्वार के सामने की दीवार पर दो सूरजमुखी के या टूलिप के फूलों का चित्र लगाएँ।
2. घर के बाहर के बगीचे में दक्षिण-पश्चिम के कोने को सदैव रोशन रखें।
3. घर के अंदर दरवाजे के सामने कचरे का डिब्बा न रखें।
4. घर के किसी भी कोने में अथवा मध्य में जूते-चप्पल (मृत चर्म) न रखें।
5. जूतों के रखने का स्थान घर के प्रमुख व्यक्ति के कद का एक चौथाई हो, उदाहरण के तौर पर ६ फुट के व्यक्ति (घर का प्रमुख) के घर में जूते-चप्पल रखने का स्थल डेढ फुट से ऊँचा न हो।

15 जून 2012

Lord Hanuman

Ohm Hanumate Nama:

Hanuman or Anjaneya is considered to be the eleventh Rudra avatar(incarnation) of Lord Shiva and is one of the most important personalities in the Ramayana.He symbolises the pinnacle of bhakti. He is more well-known as the (spiritual) Son of Vayu deva, the Hindu deity of the wind. He is a vanara(monkey) who aided Lord Rama (an incarnation of Vishnu) in rescuing His Consort, Sita, from the Rakshasa king Ravana.

Hanuman is the epitome of wisdom, brahmacharya, bhakti (devotion/faith), valour, righteousness and strength. He is symbolized in Hinduism for his unwavering dedication to righteousness, unstinting performance of entrusted duties, and unfailing talents in serving his chosen master. His indispensable role in reuniting Rama with Sita is likened by some to that of a teacher helping an individual soul realise the divine. While the uninitiated may find it odd to worship "a monkey", to believers, the idea is to revere and worship him for the astounding attributes he represents - attributes that even most humans find impossible to practice.

Hanuman was born in the Treta Yuga, as the son of Anjana a female vanara. Anjana was actually an apsaras (a celestial being), named Punjikasthala, who, due to a curse, was born on the earth as a female vanara. The curse was to be removed on her giving birth to an incarnation of Lord Shiva. Anjana was the wife of Kesari, a strong vanara who once killed a mighty elephant that was troubling sages and hermits. He therefore got the name 'Kesari', meaning lion.Along with Kesari, Anjana performed intense prayers to Lord Shiva to beget Him as her Child. Pleased with their devotion, Shiva granted them the boon they sought.

At the time that Anjana was worshipping Lord Shiva, elsewhere, Dasaratha, the king of Ayodhya, was performing the Putrakama Yagna in order to have children. As a result, he received some sacred pudding, to be shared by his three wives, leading to the births of Lord Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata and Shatrughna. By divine ordinance, a kite snatched a fragment of that pudding, and dropped it while flying over the forest where Anjana was engaged in worship. Vayu, the Hindu deity of the wind, delivered the falling pudding to the outstretched hands of Anjana, who consumed it. Hanuman was born to her as the result.

Being Anjana's son, Hanuman is also called Anjaneya, which literally means 'arising from Anjana'. Hanuman's spiritual father is Vayu (Pavana) Deva. So Hanuman is also called Pavana putra (meaning 'son of Pavana').Being divine, Hanuman was born with immense physical strength, the power to fly, and divine levels of endurance.

As a child, assuming the sun to be a ripe fruit, he once took flight to catch hold of it to eat. Indra, the king of devas observed this. He hurled his weapon, the Vajra (thunderbolt) at Hanuman, who fell back down to earth, broke his chin and became unconscious. Upset, Vayu went into seclusion, taking the atmosphere with him. As living beings began to get asphyxiated, to pacify Vayu, Indra withdrew the effect of his thunderbolt, and the devas revived Hanuman and blessed him with multiple boons. However, a permament mark was left on his chin (hanu in Sanskrit).

On ascertaining Surya to be an all-knowing teacher, Hanuman raised his body into an orbit around the sun and requested that Surya accept him as a student. But Surya refused, claiming that as he always had to be on the move in his chariot, it would be impossible for Hanuman to learn effectively. Undeterred by Surya's travel, Hanuman enlarged his body; he placed one leg on the eastern ranges and the other on the western ranges and with his face turned toward the sun, made his request again. Pleased by his persistence, Surya accepted. Hanuman then moved (backwards, to remain facing Surya) continuously with his teacher, and learned all of the latter's knowledge. When Hanuman then requested Surya to quote his 'guru-dakshina' (teacher's fee), the latter refused, saying that the pleasure of teaching one as dedicated as him was the fee in itself. But Hanuman insisted, and it was then that Surya asked him to help his (Surya's) spiritual son Sugriva. Hanuman's choice of Surya as his teacher is said to signify Surya as a Karma Saakshi, an eternal witness of all deeds.

Hanuman was mischievous in his childhood, and sometimes teased the meditating sages in the forests by snatching their personal belongings and by disturbing their well-arranged articles of worship. Finding his antics unbearable, but realising that Hanuman was but a child, (albeit invincible), the sages placed a mild curse on him. By this curse Hanuman forgot his own prowess, and recollected it only when others reminded him about it. It is hypothesised that without this curse, the entire course of the Ramayana war might have been different, for he demonstrated phenomenal abilities during the war, despite the curse.

Hanuman met Rama when the latter was in exile for fourteen years in the forest. He was with his brother Lakshmana, searching for his wife Sita who had been abducted by the rakshasa emperor Ravana. Their search brought them to the vicinity of the mountain Rishyamukha, where Sugriva, along with his followers and friends, were in hiding from his elder brother Bali, the vanara emperor with whom he had had a serious misunderstanding. Refusing to listen to Sugriva's explanation, Bali had banished him from the kingdom, and was holding Sugriva's wife captive in his (Bali's) own palace.Having seen Rama and Lakshmana, Sugriva sent Hanuman to ascertain their identities. Hanuman approached the two brothers in the guise of a brahmin. His first words to them were such that Rama said to Lakshmana that none could speak the way the brahmin did, without having mastered the Vedas and their branches. He noted that there was no defect in the brahmin's countenance, eyes, forehead, brows or any limb. He pointed out to Lakshmana that his accent was captivating, and said that even an enemy with sword drawn would be moved. He praised Hanuman (in disguise) further, saying that sure success awaited the king whose emissaries were so accomplished as him.

When Rama introduced himself, Hanuman revealed his own identity and fell prostrate before Rama, who embraced him warmly. Thereafter, Hanuman's life became interwoven inextricably with that of Rama. Hanuman then brought about a friendship and alliance between Rama and Sugriva. (Rama helped Sugriva regain his honour and made him king of Kishkindha (the kingdom of the vanaras), and Sugriva and his vanaras helped Rama defeat Ravana and reunite with Sita, with Hanuman playing an indispensable role in it all). In their search for Sita, a group of vanaras reached the southern seashore. Upon encountering the vast ocean, every vanara began to lament his inability to jump across the water. Hanuman too was saddened at the possible failure of his mission, until the other vanaras, and especially the wise bear Jambavan began to extol his virtues. Hanuman then recollected his own powers, enlarged his body and flew across the ocean. On his way, he encountered a mountain that rose from the sea, proclaimed that it owed his father a debt and asked him to rest a while before proceeding. But not wanting to waste any time, Hanuman thanked the mountain and carried on. He then encountered a sea-monster who challenged him to enter her mouth. Hanuman outwitted her, and she sheepishly admitted that it had been no more than a test of his courage.

Hanuman reached Lanka, and marvelled at its beauty. He also felt slightly regretful that it would be destroyed if Rama was left with no option but to fight to rescue Sita. After he found Sita sitting depressed in captivity in a garden, Hanuman revealed his identity to her, reassured and comforted her, lifted her spirits and also offered to carry her back to Rama. But she refused his offer, saying it would be an insult to Rama as his honour was at stake. Hanuman's conveying the message of Rama to Sita is likened by some to that of a divine teacher, teaching a pupil about the supreme God.

After meeting Sita, Hanuman began to wreak havoc and gradually destroy the palaces and properties of Lanka. To subdue him, Ravana's son Indrajit used the Brahmastra. Though immune to the astra (weapon), Hanuman, out of respect to Brahma, let himself be bound by the weapon. Deciding to use the opportunity to meet the renowned ruler of Lanka, and to assess the strength of Ravana's hordes, Hanuman allowed the rakshasa warriors to parade him through the streets. When he was produced at Ravana's court, Ravana sought to insult Hanuman by denying him a seat that was due to a messenger. In response, Hanuman lengthened his own tail and coiled it up into a seat that rose higher than the rakshasa emperor's throne. He conveyed Rama's message of warning to the powerful rakshasa, and demanded the safe return of Sita. He also informed Ravana that Rama would be willing to forgive him if he returned Sita safely and honourably.

Enraged, Ravana ordered that Hanuman be executed. However, Ravana's brother Vibheeshana intervened, pointing out that it was against the rules of engagement to kill a messenger. Ravana then ordered that Hanuman's tail be lit, instead. As Ravana's forces attempted to wrap cloth around his tail, Hanuman began to lengthen it. After frustrating them for a while, he allowed his tail to be lit, and then escaped from his captors with his tail on fire. He then burnt down much of Lanka, and after extinguishing the flames on his tail in the sea, headed back to Rama.

During the war, when Lakshmana was severely wounded by Indrajit, Hanuman was sent to fetch the Sanjivani, a powerful life-restoring herb from the Dronagiri mountain range to revive him. Ravana realised that if Lakshmana died, a distraught Rama would probably give up, and so had his uncle Kalenami tempt Hanuman with luxury. However, Hanuman was tipped off by a crocodile (who had actually been a celestial being under a curse) and killed the rakshasa. When he was unable to find the specific herb before nightfall, Hanuman again displayed his might by lifting the entire Dronagiri mountain and bringing it to the battlefield in Lanka, thus helping others find the herb to revive Lakshmana. An emotional Rama hugged Hanuman, saying that he was as dear to him as his beloved .

In another incident during the war, (the one that brought about Hanuman's Panchamukha form), Rama and Lakshmana were captured by the rakshasa Mahiravana (also called Ahiravana), a powerful practitioner of black magic and the dark arts, and held captive in his palace in Patalpuri or Patala (the nether world). In his search for them, Hanuman reached Patala. The gates to Patala were guarded by a very young creature called Makardhwaja (known also as Makar-Dhwaja or Magar Dhwaja), who was part fish and part vanara. The story of Makardhwaja's birth is interesting - though Hanuman remained celibate all his life, Makadhwaja was his son; when Hanuman had extinguished his burning tail in the ocean, unknown to him, a drop of his sweat had fallen into the ocean. This sweat was swallowed by a fish, which became pregnant. This was discovered when the fish was brought to Mahiravana's kitchen to be cooked. Mahiravana raised him and entrusted him with the job of guarding the gates of Patalpuri. Hanuman was, all the while unaware of this. Although Makardhwaja knew that his father was Hanuman, he did not recognise Hanuman since he had never seen him. When Hanuman introduced himself to Makardhwaja, he sought Hanuman's blessings but decided to fight his father as it was his duty to guard the gates of Patalpuri. Hanuman subdued him and tied him up before entering Patalpuri to rescue Rama and Lakshmana.

Upon entering Patala, Hanuman discovered that he had to extinguish five lamps at once to kill Mahiravana. Hanuman assumed the Panchamukha (Pancha - five, mukha - faced) form with the faces of Sri Varaha, Sri Narasimha, Sri Garuda, Sri Hayagriva and his own, and blew the lamps out. Thus killing Mahiravana, Hanuman rescued Rama and Lakshmana. After Mahiravana was vanquished, Rama asked Hanuman to crown Makardhwaja the king of Patalpuri. Every Face of Sri Panchamukha Hanuman has significance -

Sri Hanuman faces east. He grants purity of mind and success. 
The Narasimha faces south. He grants victory and fearlessness. 
The west facing Garuda removes black magic and poisons. 
The north facing Varaha, showers prosperity, wealth. 
The Hayagriva mukha faces the Sky. But since we cannot see it, it is usually tilted and shown above Hanuman's face. Hayagriva gives Knowledge and good children.

Hanuman continued to play an indispensable role in the war. When the war ended, the fourteen year period of Rama's exile had almost elapsed. Rama then remembered Bharata's vow to immolate himself if Rama did not return to rule Ayodhya immediately upon the elapse of the fourteen years. Realising that it would be a little later than the last day of the fourteen year period when he would reach Ayodhya, Rama became very anxious to prevent Bharata from giving his life up. Once again, Hanuman came to the rescue - he sped to Ayodhya and informed Bharata that Rama was on his way back. Shortly after he was crowned emperor upon his return to Ayodhya, Rama decided to ceremoniously reward all those who had helped him defeat Ravana. At a grand event in his court, all his friends and allies took turns going up to his throne and being honoured. Hanuman too went up, but not with any desire to be recompensed. Seeing Hanuman come up to him, an emotionally overwhelmed Rama took him into a warm embrace and said that he could never adequately honour or repay Hanuman for the help and services he had received from the noble vanara. Sita, however, affectionately insisted that Hanuman deserved honour more than anyone else, and asked him to seek a gift. Hanuman then requested that Sita give him a necklace of precious stones that adorned her neck. When he received it, Hanuman immediately took it apart, and began peering into the stones. Taken aback, many of those present demanded of Hanuman to explain why he was destroying the gift. In reply, Hanuman said that he was looking into the stones to make sure that Rama and Sita were in them, because if they were not, the necklace was of no value to him. At this, a few ridiculed Hanuman, saying his reverence and love for Rama and Sita could not be as deep as he claimed. Upon this, Hanuman tore his chest open, and everyone was stunned to see Rama and Sita literally in his heart. 

It is considered that after the victory of Rama over Ravana, Hanuman went to the Himalayas to continue his worship of the Lord. There he scripted a version of the Ramayana on Himalayan mountains using his nails, recording every detail of Rama's deeds. When Maharishi Valmiki visited him to show him his own version of the Ramayana, he also saw Lord Hanuman's version and became very disappointed. When Hanuman asked him the cause of his sorrow, he said that his version, which he had created very laboriously was no match for the splendour of Hanuman's, and would therefore, go ignored. At this, Hanuman took those rocks on one shoulder and Valmiki on the other, and went to the sea. There he threw his own version into the sea, as an offering to Rama. This version, called the Hanumad Ramayana, has been unavailable since then. 

Maharishi Valmiki was so taken aback that he said he would take another birth to sing the glory of Hanuman which he had understated in his version. (It is said that Saint Tulsidas who composed the Ramcharitmanas was none other than the Maharishi Valmiki reborn to fulfill his desire). 

Later, one tablet is said to have floated ashore during the period of Mahakavi Kalidasa, and hung at a public place to be deciphered by scholars. Kalidasa is said to have deciphered it and recognised that it was from the Hanumad Ramayana recorded by Hanuman in an extinct script, and considered himself very fortunate to see at least one pada of the stanza. 

After the war, and after reigning for several years, the time arrived for Rama to depart to his heavenly abode. Many of Rama's entourage, including vanaras like Sugriva decided to depart with him. Shunning the heavens, Hanuman however, requested to remain on earth as long as Rama's name was venerated by people. Sita accorded Hanuman that desire, and granted that his image would be installed at various public places, so he could listen to people chanting Rama's name. He is thus one of the chiranjeevis (immortals) in Hinduism.


Thus Hanuman is considered to be alive to this day. This is also reflected in the Mahabharata (which occurred thousands of years after the Ramayana), where he made his appearance on more than one occasion. During the Pandavas' exile, he appeared disguised as a weak and aged monkey before his (spiritual) half-brother, the Pandava prince Bhima in order to subdue his arrogance and teach him the value of humility. More significantly, during the great battle of Kurukshetra, Arjuna entered the battlefield with the flag of Hanuman on his chariot. The incident that led to this was an earlier ecounter between Hanuman and Arjuna; Hanuman appeared as a small talking monkey before Arjuna at Rameshwaram, where Sri Rama had built the great bridge to cross over to Lanka to rescue Sita. Upon Arjuna's wondering out aloud at Sri Rama's taking the help of "monkeys" rather than building a bridge of arrows, Hanuman (in the form of the little monkey) challenged him to build one capable of bearing him alone, and Arjuna, unaware of the monkey's true identity accepted. Hanuman then proceeded to repeatedly destroy the bridges made by Arjuna who became depressed and suicidal, and decided to take his own life. Vishnu then appeared before them both, chiding Arjuna for his vanity, and Hanuman for making the accomplished warrior Arjuna feel incompetent. As an act of 'penitence', Hanuman agreed to help Arjuna by stabilising and strengthening his chariot during the then-likely great battle. 

Hanuman, thus, had the fortune of hearing the Gita as recited by Sri Krishna himself. Many worshippers of Lord Krishna (who drove Arjuna's chariot) keep flags of Hanuman as a mark of respect to his great devotion, and honour Hanuman. For instance, the Sri Krishna Matha at Udipi bears an idol of Hanuman (known as Mukhyaprana at the site), and all offerings made to Lord Krishna are also offered to Hanuman before being distributed to devotees.

There have been numerous saints who have seen claimed to see Hanuman in modern times, notably Tulsidas (16th century), Sri Ramdas Swami (17th century), and Raghavendra Swami (17th century). Others have also asserted his presence wherever the Ramayana is read: (in Sanskrit, not transliterated) 

Yatra Yatra Raghunatha Kirtanam
Tatra Tatra Krita Mastakaanjalim
Bashpavari Pari poorna lochanam
Marutim namatha rakshasantakam 

Which means: That wherever the deeds of Sri Rama are sung, At all such places does Hanuman cry tears of devotion and joy, At all such places does his presence remove the fear of demons. 

There are numerous temples for Hanuman, and his images are usually installed at all temples where images of avataras of Vishnu are installed. Hanuman temples can be found in many places for the reason that the area and the surroundings are free from 'Rakhshasas' and 'evils'. This was a presentational 'Varam' to him by Rama and Sita. We can find Hanuman idols in ghat roads because it is believed that he protects people from accidents. 

Hanuman Swami Temples in Patna (Bihar)

Patna Railway Junction, Patna-1

Hanuman Swami Temples in Thiruvananthapuram District

O.T.C Hanuman Temple Palayam
Attinkuzhy Hanuman Temple Kazhakkuttam
Maruthoor Hauman Temple Neyyattinkara
Gosai Chavadi Hanuman Temple Thekketheruvu 
Padmatheerthakkara Hanuman Temple
Sreevaraham Hanuman Temple

04 जून 2012

Rameshwaram / रामेश्वरम

जब श्रीराम ने किया हनुमान जी के अहंकार का नाश

(वेद हिंदुओं का प्राचीनतम धार्मिक ग्रंथ है। यह हमारी प्राचीन भारतीय संस्कृति के मूल्यवान भंडार हैं। हमारे ऋषि-मुनियों ने युगों तक चिंतन-मनन कर इस सृष्टि के रहस्यों की जानकारी इस ग्रंथ में संग्रहित की है। बहुत से देशों के विद्वान आज भी इस प्राचीन ग्रंथ का अध्ययन कर रहे हैं।) 

अहंकार का नाश

Lord Shriramchandraji, Laxman, Sitaji  Established Shivling

Lord Shriramchandraji with Sitaji Rameshwaram Shivling Pujan

यह कथा उस समय की है जब लंका जाने के लिए भगवान श्रीराम ने सेतु निर्माण के पूर्व समुद्र तट पर शिवलिंग स्थापित किया था। वहाँ हनुमानजी को स्वयं पर अभिमान हो गया तब भगवान राम ने उनके अहम का नाश किया। यह कथा इस प्रकार है-

जब समुद्र पर सेतुबंधन का कार्य हो रहा था तब भगवान राम ने वहाँ गणेशजी और नौ ग्रहों की स्थापना के पश्चात शिवलिंग स्थापित करने का विचार किया। उन्होंने शुभ मुहूर्त में शिवलिंग लाने के लिए हनुमानजी को काशी भेजा। हनुमानजी पवन वेग से काशी जा पहुँचे। उन्हें देख भोलेनाथ बोले- “पवनपुत्र!” दक्षिण में शिवलिंग की स्थापना करके भगवान राम मेरी ही इच्छा पूर्ण कर रहे हैं क्योंकि महर्षि अगस्त्य विन्ध्याचल पर्वत को झुकाकर वहाँ प्रस्थान तो कर गए लेकिन वे मेरी प्रतीक्षा में हैं। इसलिए मुझे भी वहाँ जाना था। तुम शीघ्र ही मेरे प्रतीक को वहाँ ले जाओ। यह बात सुनकर हनुमान गर्व से फूल गए और सोचने लगे कि केवल वे ही यह कार्य शीघ्र-अतिशीघ्र कर सकते हैं।

यहाँ हनुमानजी को अभिमान हुआ और वहाँ भगवान राम ने उनके मन के भाव को जान लिया। भक्त के कल्याण के लिए भगवान सदैव तत्पर रहते हैं। हनुमान भी अहंकार के पाश में बंध गए थे। अतः भगवान राम ने उन पर कृपा करने का निश्चय कर उसी समय वारनराज सुग्रीव को बुलवाया और कहा-“हे कपिश्रेष्ठ! शुभ मुहूर्त समाप्त होने वाला है और अभी तक हनुमान नहीं पहुँचे। इसलिए मैं बालू का शिवलिंग बनाकर उसे यहाँ स्थापित कर देता हूँ।”

तत्पश्चात उन्होंने सभी ऋषि-मुनियों से आज्ञा प्राप्त करके पूजा-अर्चनादि की और बालू का शिवलिंग स्थापित कर दिया। ऋषि-मुनियों को दक्षिणा देने के लिए श्रीराम ने कौस्तुम मणि का स्मरण किया तो वह मणि उनके समक्ष उपस्थित हो गई। भगवान श्रीराम ने उसे गले में धारण किया। मणि के प्रभाव से देखते-ही-देखते वहाँ दान-दक्षिणा के लिए धन, अन्न, वस्त्र आदि एकत्रित हो गए। उन्होंने ऋषि-मुनियों को भेंटें दीं। फिर ऋषि-मुनि वहाँ से चले गए। 

मार्ग में हनुमानजी से उनकी भेंट हुई। हनुमानजी ने पूछा कि वे कहाँ से पधार रहे हैं? उन्होंने सारी घटना बता दी। यह सुनकर हनुमानजी को क्रोध आ गया। वे पलक झपकते ही श्रीराम के समक्ष उपस्थिति हुए और रुष्ट स्वर में बोले-“भगवन! यदि आपको बालू का ही शिवलिंग स्थापित करना था तो मुझे काशी किसलिए भेजा था? आपने मेरा और मेरे भक्तिभाव का उपहास किया है।”
Hanumanji Taken Lingam
श्रीराम मुस्कराते हुए बोले-“पवनपुत्र! शुभ मुहूर्त समाप्त हो रहा था, इसलिए मैंने बालू का शिवलिंग स्थापित कर दिया। मैं तुम्हारा परिश्रम व्यर्थ नहीं जाने दूँगा। मैंने जो शिवलिंग स्थापित किया है तुम उसे उखाड़ दो, मैं तुम्हारे लाए हुए शिवलिंग को यहाँ स्थापित कर देता हूँ।” हनुमान प्रसन्न होकर बोले-“ठीक है भगवन! मैं अभी इस शिविलंग को उखाड़ फेंकता हूँ।”
Hanumanji Rameshwaram lingam are trying to uproot

उन्होंने शिवलिंग को उखाड़ने का प्रयास किया, लेकिन पूरी शक्ति लगाकर भी वे उसे हिला तक न सके। तब उन्होंने उसे अपनी पूंछ से लपेटा और उखाड़ने का प्रयास किया। किंतु वह नहीं उखड़ा। अब हनुमान को स्वयं पर पश्चात्ताप होने लगा। उनका अहंकार चूर हो गया था और वे श्रीराम के चरणों में गिरकर क्षमा माँगने लगे।

इस प्रकार हनुमान ने अहम का नाश हुआ। श्रीराम ने जहाँ बालू का शिवलिंग स्थापित किया था उसके उत्तर दिशा की ओर हनुमान द्वारा लाए शिवलिंग को स्थापित करते हुए कहा कि ‘इस शिवलिंग की पूजा-अर्चना करने के बाद मेरे द्वारा स्थापित शिवलिंग की पूजा करने पर ही भक्तजन पुण्य प्राप्त करेंगे।’ यह शिवलिंग आज भी रामेश्वरम में स्थापित है और भारत का एक प्रसिद्ध तीर्थ है।

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